in the Spirit" of God is (to put it in a single word) life.
The wages of our sin was death, but the gift of our God
is life. To bring out this contrast with as much force as
he may, Paul traces by easy steps how these two moral
states develop of necessity their proper consequences.
Take, first, the state of unspiritual and unchanged human
nature, the "flesh," as he terms it. We have seen all
along how it is characteristic of fallen humanity that it
does not submit itself to the Law of God. Whatever else
about it may be fair or hopeful, whatever wild-flowers of
sweet kindliness or manfulness it may bear, here you touch
its radical defect. What other lesson emerges from Paul's
self-anatomy in the seventh chapter but this: that the
pressure of the divine Law only provokes contrary desire
in the human heart? Leave a man alone and he may act
well to please himself. Urge God's will upon him and
the chances are he will wish to do the opposite out of con-
tradictoriness, or to assert his independence. He is not
subject to law, in fact; being what he is, he cannot be.
His nature is essentially a rebel. But this insubordina-
tion to God as moral Governor and Lord, indicates enmity.
It betrays a condition of hostility more or less suppressed,
more or less avowed; still at bottom hostility, not peace.
It means that the man is not on good terms with his
Maker. He cannot love the Lawgiver, since the mere
expression of the Lawgiver's will is enough to set the man
up in arms against it. Go deep enough, and you find
underlying all unregenerate life what Jesus detected in